EMISSION-FREE BUSES begin routes in London.
As of this week, people travelling to work via routes 507 and 521 in central London can catch the first two emission-free electric buses in the British capital.
The 12 metre long buses, manufactured by Chinese firm BYD, were handed to Transport for London and Go-Ahead and are ready for service.
These models, known simply as the “eBus”, have passed road tests in Paris, Madrid, Bremen, and Barcelona. Tests show that the “eBus” can easily exceed 250 miles on a single charge in real urban conditions, according to BYD.
Buses are also being tested in extensive operations in China.
In the province of Shenzhen, 220 BYD electric buses entered service in January 2011 and travelled over 20 million miles, each with a maximum of 120 passengers daily at peak times and with air conditioning at full operation.
The eBus does not produce any emissions and reduces operation costs by using about 10 kilowatts per 100 kilometres in urban areas. The buses’ batteries depleted batteries take between four and five hours to re-charge which is equal to around $20 ($32 US) in energy cost at peak times – 75 percent cheaper compared to diesel buses.
These buses’ batteries are designed for a life of 4,000 charges, which would mean circulation of at least ten years under normal conditions.
“London is investing heavily in the cause of reducing pollution from its inner city transport system,” comments Matthew Pencharz, advisor to the city’s mayor, Boris Johnson.
“Alternative transport systems, including electric vehicles, amount to a long-term commitment in reducing carbon pollution”, continues Pencharz.
“The rolling-out of these emission free buses is one part of a broader strategy for a cleaner London, supported by the major, that also includes hydrogen and hybrid transport, all contributing to much reduced carbon emissions.”
d” The arrival of these fully electric bus is part of a series of measures that the mayor supports , including hybrid and hydrogen technology, which has contributed to the improvement of air quality ,” he added .
BYD’s general manager, Isbrand Ho, said the use of their eBus dramatically increases air quality levels in large cities, and therefore the technology’s use of London, one of the world’s largest cities, is of terrific importance.
“We want to develop a positive and lasting relationship with Transport for London and Go- Ahead and increase orders in London and other cities in the UK ,” said Ho .
“We aim to foster and maintain an excellent business relationship with Go-Ahead and Transport for London, increasing orders in the city and in other locations across Britain.”
BYD is one of the world’s leading battery manufacturers and operates under a Green City policy, which it uses to promote the development of alternative, greener transport as opposed to those propelled by fossil fuels.
The company also offers peripheral services such as control systems, cargo services, and repair facilities.
The Dutch island of Schiemonnikoog has already rolled out an entire fleet of eBuses’, replacing all of their diesel fleet, with the country’s airport, Schiphol, commissioning a fleet of 35 such buses for service.
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