The water on Earth is contained within a constant cycle. Water has been here since ancient times and will hopefully remain well into the future.
Unfortunately, any contaminants in the water remain within the systemic cycles unless they are filtered out. From the waste created by bottled water to chemicals and medicines going down drains, water pollution doesn’t just affect the water. It disrupts the entire water table which can cause environmental damage and developmental issues.
The water table is configured of rainwater that sifts underground providing water supplies to springs, lakes and waterways. Merriam-Webster’s visual dictionary has a diagram that lays out water table pollutants and shows how they can distribute.
The overview explains that water pollutants are caused by things such as agricultural runoff from farming. Lingering pesticides and nitrates from livestock can seep into the water structures.
Underground systems are also responsible for adversely affecting the water table. Septic tanks or pipes can cause damage and pollution from leaks. Waste from home use is also a source of water pollution, caused by misuse and improperly discarded products and substances.
Oil spills, nuclear waste and waste from industrial toxins like lead, mercury and cadmium have life spans of 1,000 years or more and have been submerged into the waters of the oceans.
According to The Water Project, untreated waste water in underdeveloped countries is responsible for up to 80% of the sicknesses in these areas, and 1 out of every 5 deaths that occur in children younger than 5 years old can be contributed to a water caused illness. Further, 1 out of every 8 people globally do not have sanitary water sources available.
Just as the water supply is contained and reprocesses, so does the unfiltered pollution streaming along in the water system. Seeing the effects on a larger scale helps bring attention to the fact that being proactive in helping better water resources with things like recycling, planting trees to improve ground conservation and simply keeping waterways clean, can facilitate positive cyclical effects.
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