World Environment Day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972.
It was the first occasion in which the political, social and economic problems of the global environment were discussed at an intergovernmental forum with a view to actually taking corrective action.
It is celebrated on the 5th of June each year and is hosted by a different city with a different theme and is commemorated with an international exposition in the week of 5 June.
The aim of World Environment Day is to promote activity at community levels that will foster changes in our behaviour to improve the environmental well being of our world.
The theme for this year’s celebrations is Think.Eat.Save.
A timely reminder of the vast quantities of food that is wasted or thrown away while tens of thousands go hungry every day. We are also being asked to consider all the energy and effort that goes into each stage of food production when we make our choice as consumers.
…global food production occupies 25% of all habitable land and is responsible for 70% of fresh water consumption, 80% of deforestation, and 30% of greenhouse gas emissions. It is the largest single driver of biodiversity loss and land-use change.
The host for World Environment Day 5 June 2013, will be Mongolia.
Its President, Tsakhia Elbegdorj, was one of the recipients of a UNEP Champions of the Earth award in 2012 for the leadership his government has shown towards driving change and sustainability for the future.
Mongolia is demonstrating that the transition from a traditional economy to a developed economy need not leave environmental concerns in its wake. The government has halted the issue of new mining licences until environmental and cultural regulations are passed to ensure the livelihood of nomadic peoples across the vast country.
They are working to clean up air quality in the capital UlanBaator through diminishing use of coal burning energy sources in the area and creating a satellite city to spread the impact of industry.
Programs to encourage youth involvement and awareness of environmental concerns have been set up and tree planting days to combat the spread of the desert have been held with over 2 million trees being planted since 2011.
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