Bokashi, which means “fermented organic matter” in Japanese, is an intensive composting method that uses microbes such as yeast, bacteria, and lactic acid to break organic matter down quickly, creating compost in as little as two weeks.
The active Bokashi agent is a pleasant-smelling bran-based material fermented with an effective micro-organism (EM) liquid concentrate and subsequently dried.
Bokashi composting requires only a bucket and the Bokashi material.
The method enables composting not only materials that can go into regular compost systems such as fruits, vegetables, coffee grounds, tea bags, egg, shells, and plant clippings, but also breads and other grains, meats, fish, cheese, and eggs. Therefore, it’s the best choice for those who are dedicated to sustainable living.
The Bokashi method is also faster and less labour-intensive than other composting methods. It requires very little space and can be done indoors, and the Bokashi container stays sealed, so there is no odor.
As an added bonus, in addition to compost material, this method produces Bokashi juice, which is a fantastic fertilizer when diluted with water. It can also be poured down drains to control odors and reduce algae growth.
To make Bokashi compost, you simply add the Bokashi material alternately with your food scraps until the bucket is full and then wait for the food waste to ferment. Unlike regular compost production, the Bokashi method doesn’t require air. In fact, it’s important to keep the bucket sealed when not adding food scraps.
When the fermentation process is complete, the Bokashi compost can be buried in your garden soil where it will continue breaking down over the next few weeks, enriching the soil with beneficial microbes.
When burying Bokashi compost, avoid direct contact with roots of existing plants and wait at least a couple of weeks before planting seeds or seedlings.
Reviews of the Bokashi method appear to be largely positive, and there are many anecdotal reports in which gardeners attribute their bigger, healthier plants and produce to Bokashi compost.
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