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Sustainable Wine

Sustainable and organic are not necessarily the same thing. A wine that is made using organic methods may not meet sustainability requirements. Organic vineyards must be managed without using synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. However, sustainability requires a systemic approach that goes beyond simply eliminating toxic chemicals.

Sustainable wines are developed so that the vineyards can continue producing the same product for generations to come.

Therefore, sustainable growing must take into account the environmental, social, and economic impacts of viticulture and favor approaches that do no harm not only in the present but also in the future. This means that sustainable wines do not contribute to the erosion or depletion of the soil, diminish biodiversity, pollute water, make use of harmful chemicals, or have other negative ecological impacts.

Sustainable viticulture requires methods that protect and preserve the whole environmental system in which they operate, as well as providing healthy, safe workplaces and ensuring the future economic viability of the products produced. Sustainable winegrowing typically uses integrated pest management approaches, minimal additives, recycled materials, and energy efficient processes, and aims for overall waste reduction.

In contrast to organic standards, there are no official regulations and governing bodies for wine sustainability. Instead, meeting sustainability requirements is a matter of integrity on the part of individual vineyards and wineries.  However, many sustainable winegrowing programs and associations have been established around the world in response to increasing environmental awareness.

Biodynamic wines have been rising in popularity in recent years. Biodynamic viticulture, which expands upon the principles of organic farming, is a holistic approach that takes entire ecosystems into account, favours natural agricultural methods, protects biodiversity, conserves energy, and promotes overall sustainability. This approach, which represents the merging of organic and sustainable winemaking, may be the future of viticulture.



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